Toilet Plumbing 101: Parts of a Toilet
When you have a perfectly functioning toilet, everything seems to be in rhythm. Everything works in sync to provide you with what you need, all that with efficient timing. When even the smallest part of the toilet is damaged, however, your entire plumbing system tends to be crippled. There is the possibility that your toilet system may not be able to give you a satisfactory performance. It then becomes clear that one must have a functioning toilet to go on with daily routine as planned. Homeowners and plumbers will not be able to fix toilet malfunctions if they have no idea what the parts are and what they do. To remedy that, here is a list of the important fixtures found in a toilet and how they work:
- Toilet Tank
This is the biggest of the toilet parts. It contains several smaller parts inside that help in flushing and filling the bowl. The toilet tanks are primarily used as storage equipment for water that is to be used to flush down the waste that is in the syphon down to the sewer lines.
- Float Ball
This is a ball filled with air and it functions as an indicator that the water entering the tank is enough for the next full flush to avoid overflow. When the float ball is off, the tank keeps adding water until the water flows out of the tank. As a result, water is wasted and the bathroom is a mess.
- Cold Water Supply Pipe
Toilets often have valves that connect them to water tanks. A metal pipe connects the toilet to a tank through the wall. The supply is stored in the toilet tank and is utilised for flushing. If the tank does not fill immediately, consider checking the supply pipe for you might be dealing with a clog.
- Ball Cock
The ball cock also known as the flapper is cap-like in shape and prevents continuous flow of water from the tank to the syphon. When you have a running toilet, the problem is with the flapper. It might have some defects such as tears or too much dirt in the sides that prevent it from closing tightly.
- Fill Valve
The role of the fill valve is to fill the toilet tank with water. This valve is connected to a hose which is the water supply main. When the float ball reaches its highest peak, the water supply is shut off. All of this goes through the signal of the fill valve.
There is always water left in the toilet after the flush. This is caused and seen to by the syphon. The fixture is located under the toilet bowl. This is a built-in pipe bent upwards and then downwards to the main sewage pipe. This is the reason for the presence of water in the toilet bowl.
- Lift Chain
This pertains to the chain that is connecting the ball cock to the valve. When the toilet flushes, the chain will pull back the ball cock so that the water is pushed towards the syphon. When this chain breaks, it will lead to the toilet not being able to flush properly.